The Discovery of Jeanne Baret: A Story of Science, the High Seas, and the First Woman to Circumnavigate the Globe | Ridley, Glynis | ISBN: Jeanne Barets Geschichte ist erstaunlich: Die Französin heuerte als Mann verkleidet bei einer Expedition an – und segelte unerkannt bis zum. mit phrygischer (Arbeiter-)Mütze. Jeanne Baret (Pseudonym Jean Baré) (* Juli ; † ) war eine französische Naturforscherin und Botanikerin.
Google Doodle zu Jeanne Baret: Erste Frau, die als Mann um die Welt segelteFrankreich um Die junge Jeanne Baret begibt sich an Bord des Marineschiffs „La Boudeuse“ und wird Teil der berühmten Expedition des. Frankreich um Die junge Jeanne Baret begibt sich an Bord des Marineschiffs "La Boudeuse" und wird Teil der berühmten Expedition des. Reisepionierin Jeanne Baret:Lieber als Mann um die Welt als gar nicht. Über die Meere zu segeln, das war im Jahrhundert für eine einfache.
Jeanne Baret Terpopuler VideoJeanne Baret Google Doodle
Leider ist das Angebot Jeanne Baret Mediatheken Jeanne Baret vollstndig, aber fter muss Doll Deutsch die auch nicht sehen. - Jeanne Baret - die Frau, die als Mann um die Welt segelteSo soll sie zur ersten Frau geworden sein, die die Welt umsegelt hat.
Irgendwann kam Jeanne Baret auf eine neue Idee, die Gerner der Jeanne Baret berfhrt. - Empfohlene InhalteAuswahl Mediathek Videos Audios Suche. While the most pressing concerns Red Sparrow Deutsch Stream the expedition had now been resolved, others lingered. Commerson was known for being particularly zealous in his collecting, often at a high physical cost to himself. Writing in the January 3 issue of the journal PhytoKeys, he and Ridley describe the new plant species he discovered and dubbed Solanum baretiae. His intensity was also reflected in a difficult personality. Más bien parece que gran parte del mérito correspondería a quien era su oscuro asistente, Jean Baré, que le cuidaba mientras estaba enfermo (la mayor parte . Jeanne Baret falleció a los 67 años el 5 de agosto de y durante décadas solo fue conocida como amante del botánico Philibert Commerson hasta que la escritora Glynis Ridley publicara su libro El descubrimiento de Jeanne Baret el año donde se cuenta la verdadera historia de la primera mujer que navegó alrededor del mundo y su gran aporte a la botánica. 6/10/ · Nuestra Serpiente Naranja, de hoy es Jeanne Baret, botánica, alumna aventajada en el traspaso cultural del conocimiento de plantas medicinales y de la naturaleza y exploradora francesa quien formó parte de la primera expedición en el siglo XVIII y descubrió más de especies de plantas.
Baret and Commerson joined the Bougainville expedition at the port of Rochefort in late December This gave Baret significantly more privacy than she would have had otherwise on board the crowded ship.
In particular, the captain's cabin gave Baret access to private toilet facilities so that she did not have to use the shared head with other members of the crew.
Commerson suffered badly from both seasickness and a recurring ulcer on his leg in the early part of the voyage, and Baret probably spent most of her time attending to him.
There they set out on expeditions to the surrounding plains and mountains. Commerson's leg was still troubling him, and Baret seems to have done much of the actual labor, carrying supplies and specimens.
After a second visit to Montevideo, their next opportunity to collect plants was in Patagonia while the ships of the expedition were waiting for favorable winds to carry them through the Strait of Magellan.
Here Baret accompanied Commerson on the most troublesome excursions over rugged terrain and gained a reputation for courage and strength.
Commerson, still hampered by his leg injury, referred to Baret as his "beast of burden" on these expeditions.
In addition to the manual labor she performed in collecting plants, stones, and shells, Baret also helped Commerson organize and catalog their specimens and notes in the weeks that followed, as the ships entered the Pacific.
Surviving accounts of the expedition differ on when Baret's gender was first discovered. According to Bougainville, rumors that Baret was a woman had circulated for some time, but her gender was not finally confirmed until the expedition reached Tahiti in April As soon as she and Commerson landed on shore, Baret was immediately surrounded by Tahitians who cried out that she was a woman.
It was necessary to return her to the ship to protect her from the excited Tahitians. Duclos-Guyot and Nassau-Siegen also recorded that Baret had been discovered to be a woman on New Ireland, but without mentioning details.
Ahu-toru travelled back to France with the expedition and was subsequently questioned at some length about Baret.
Modern scholars now believe that Ahu-toru actually thought that Baret was a transvestite, or mahu.
However, other Tahitian natives reported the presence of a woman in Bougainville's expedition to later visitors to the island, including James Cook in and Domingo de Bonechea in , which indicates that her gender was known to the Tahitians if not to her shipmates at the time she visited the island.
After crossing the Pacific, the expedition was desperately short of food. After a brief stop for supplies in the Dutch East Indies now Indonesia , the ships made a longer stop at the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean.
The New York Botanical Garden includes a plant specimen, attributed to Comerson but believed to be collected by Baret with him, in their herbarium.
For many years, Bougainville's published journal — a popular bestseller in its day, in the original French as well as in English translations — was the only widely available source of information about Baret.
More recent scholarship has uncovered additional facts and documentation about her life, but much of the new information remained little-known and inaccessible to the general public, particularly outside France.
The first English-language biography of Baret, by John Dunmore, was not published until , and then only in New Zealand. Other articles appeared only in scholarly journals.
The biography of Baret by Glynis Ridley, The Discovery of Jeanne Baret , brought Baret to the attention of a wider audience and helped to overturn some of the old misconceptions about her life.
On July 27, , Google celebrated her th birthday with a Google Doodle. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jeanne Baret. La Comelle , Burgundy , France.
Saint-Antoine de Breuilh , Dordogne , France. Aphrodite's Island. Berkeley: University of California Press. Science Talk--NYBG blog.
New York Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2 September Authority control BNF : cbb data GND : ISNI : LCCN : nb Trove : VIAF : WorldCat Identities : lccn-nb Categories : births deaths French explorers French explorers of the Pacific Female travelers Female-to-male cross-dressers.
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Jeanne did not feel safe in that environment, however, and slept with a loaded pistol, which she threatened to use on some men who approached her with a little too much curiosity one night.
Following that encounter, the captain advised that Jeanne go back to residing in Philibert's cabin in the evenings - as Philibert had recently been bitten by a dog he had a wound that needed tending to anyway, so Jeanne was once again regulated to being his nursemaid.
Life on Board Life on the ship was far from easy. The temperatures were in the 80s and the air was thick with humidity, soaking their clothes and making their close quarters even more uncomfortable.
Their skin was chaffed and Jeanne developed eczema. The first opportunity to get off the ship was a brief stop in Montevideo, Uraguay, before heading up the eastern coast of South America to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Five months after they departed from France, the botanists disembarked amid a steamy July and began the work they had set out to do.
A Naturalist's Work The wounds Philibert had suffered earlier in the voyage had turned to gangrene and his mobility was seriously hampered, though the treatment Jeanne provided meant that amputation would not be necessary.
With Philibert unable to collect any species, it was up to Jeanne to do all the physical work. She carried the food, boxes for samples, equipment for collecting, a spade, glass vials for seeds, a magnifying glass, butterfly net, telescope, and compass.
They stopped in Patagonia, then headed across the Pacific Ocean. Every time they stopped, Jeanne and Philibert disembarked to collect samples and record their observations.
A Secret Revealed While the crew likely knew the truth by this time, it would be Tahiti where the secret of Jeanne's identity became clear to all.
A native Tahitian named Aotourou saw Baret and identified her as a girl, from her appearance and mannerisms.
She responded with shock and fled to her cabin, fearful of what her outing would mean. From then on she carried a pistol whenever she left that cabin.
They left Tahiti in April , and conditions grew steadily worse. They were unable to find a suitable port for three months so they kept sailing, with no fresh water on board and a steadily increasing occurance of scurvey.
The crew were unable to catch fish and resorted to eating the rats. When they finally landed on the island of New Ireland, part of Papua New Guinea, Jeanne would never have suspected that her trip was about to get even worse.
Jeanne spent several days collecting samples carrying her pistol as protection. Her work was without incident for several days, until she met with other servants from the crew so they could do laundry together.
They used this as an opportunity to take her gun and brutally rape her. France was looking to expand its colonial empire and collect scientific specimens.
Sadly, her amazing feat went unnoticed in her lifetime, and for centuries thereafter. Her father was a day laborer who helped farm the estates of aristocrats.
As she grew up on farms, Jeanne was exposed to all the plants of the French countryside. With no formal education, the young girl developed a strong knowledge of botany.
Once a young woman, Baret got employment as a housekeeper to Philibert Commerson , a naturalist who studied medicine, natural history, and botany.
Baret and Commerson bonded over their mutual love of plants. The pair fell in love and Jeanne took up residence in his house.
Then she became pregnant in Instead, the couple moved to Paris where she had the baby, then gave it up for adoption. What an amazing opportunity!
Given her love of botany, Baret pleaded to accompany him. However, the French Navy strictly forbade women serving on board ships.
What were they to do? The couple hatched a risky plot where Baret would masquerade as a young man for the entire 2 year voyage.
The ruse was doable as Commerson and Baret shared a cabin. Baret spent much of her time evading the crew and caring for a severely seasick Commerson.
She was able to hide her true identify by remaining private and even defensive. For one thing, he would never relieve himself in front of the crew.
And no one could recall seeing him naked before his shipmates. When eyes narrowed and whispers began, Baret had to invent a believable story fast.
Some of their first stops were along the Brazilian coast. Commerson and Baret went ashore to explore the territory and observe the natural life.